Key Concepts

  • FFUF (Fuzz Faster U Fool): A versatile command-line web fuzzing tool for directory discovery, brute-forcing parameters, and more.
  • Wordlists: Text files containing lists of items to try during fuzzing (common directories, filenames, usernames, passwords, etc.)
  • FUZZ: Keyword within FFUF commands; the placeholder where the wordlist items are inserted during fuzzing.

Basic Usage

ffuf -w wordlist.txt -u 
  • Replace wordlist.txt with your desired wordlist.
  • Replace with the URL, placing FUZZ where you want wordlist items inserted.

Common Options

  • -u: The target URL.
  • -w: Wordlist file. Use multiple -w to provide several wordlists.
  • -H: Add headers (e.g., -H "Cookie: sessionid=12345")
  • -X: HTTP method (GET, POST, PUT, DELETE, HEAD, etc.)
  • -d: POST data (e.g., -d "username=test&password=FUZZ")
  • -t: Number of concurrent threads (increase for speed at the cost of higher bandwidth use)
  • -o: Output results to a file in various formats:
    • -of csv (Comma separated)
    • -of json
    • -of html

Filtering Results

  • -mc: Match response by HTTP status code (e.g., -mc 200 for OK)
  • -ms: Match response by size (e.g., -ms 500 for sizes around 500 bytes)
  • -fc: Filter by status code (e.g., -fc 404 to exclude Not Found)
  • -fs: Filter by response size
  • -fw: Filter by words present in the response

Examples ffuf Cheat Sheet

Simple Directory Discovery

ffuf -w /path/to/directory_wordlist.txt  -u

Fuzzing with Headers

ffuf -w passwords.txt -u -X POST -d "username=admin&password=FUZZ" -H "User-Agent: EvilCorp-Browser" 

Match and Filter

ffuf -w wordlist.txt -u -fs 42 -mc 200  
# Find responses with content size around 42 bytes AND status code 200

Virtual Host Discovery ffuf Cheat Sheet

ffuf -w vhosts.txt -u -H "Host: FUZZ" -mc 200 

Advanced Features

  • Recursion: Add -recursion and -recursion-depth to fuzz recursively.
  • Dynamic Data Generation: Use FFUF’s filters along with -mode clusterbomb for more complex fuzzing patterns.
  • Matchers and Filters: Fine-tune your results with a variety of matchers (size, words, lines, regex) and filters.

Additional Tips

  • Start with good wordlists: Effective fuzzing is highly dependent on the quality of your wordlists. There are many resources online for finding and creating them.
  • Understand HTTP responses: Interpret status codes and response sizes to tailor your fuzzing strategy.
  • Customize filters: The more specific your filters, the more refined your results.
  • Test safely and responsibly: Always get permission before fuzzing a target you don’t own.

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